C2867-10MG Display Image

Cytochrome c from equine heart, BioUltra, >=99% (SDS-PAGE)

Code: C2867-10MG D2-231


The specific sites and extent of oxidation in horse cytochrome c treated with H2O2 and UV were characterized. It was suggested that the stat...

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The specific sites and extent of oxidation in horse cytochrome c treated with H2O2 and UV were characterized. It was suggested that the state of these sites could be used as a biomarker for the oxidative environment in a cell.

Cytochrome c has been identified as an important mediator in apoptotic pathways. The release of mitochondrial cytochrome c into the cytoplasm stimulates apoptosis and is commonly used as an indicator of the apoptotic process in the cell. Investigation on the effect of Paris saponin I (PS I) on human gastric carcinoma cell growth (SGC7901 cells) have shown an elevated level cytoplasmic cytochrome c. Results are an inhibition of proliferation in SGC7901 cells by inducing mitochondria-dependent apoptosis through cytochrome c.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cytochrome c is primarily known as an electron-carrying mitochondrial protein. The transition of cytochrome c between the ferrous and ferric states within the cell makes it an efficient biological electron-transporter and it plays a vital role in cellular oxidations in both plants and animals. It is generally regarded as a universal catalyst of respiration, forming an essential electron-bridge between the respirable substrates and oxygen

General description

This cytochrome c product is prepared from equine heart using trichloroacetic acid. Alternatively, acetic acid may be used to prepare cytochrome c. The trichloroacetic acid method may reduce the amount of superoxide dismutase (SOD) present, but tends to cause dimerization or acid-modified structures of cytochrome c. In contrast, acetic acid preparations may have slightly higher amounts of SOD, but a lower proportion of dimeric cytochrome c.The product is supplied as a lyophilized powder. The final step before lyophilization is extensive dialysis against 6 mM ammonium hydroxide, which is volatile under lyophilization conditions, so the final product should not contain any buffer salts. The product is mainly the oxidized form of the protein. The reduced form of cytochrome c can be prepared with either sodium dithionite or sodium ascorbate, followed by gel filtration.

Other Notes

View more information on cytochrome c and electron transport at www.sigma-aldrich.com/enzymeexplorer.


10, 50 mg in glass bottle

Preparation Note

Prepared using TCA.

A further purification of C2506

assay≥99% (SDS-PAGE)
biological sourcehorse heart
Gene Informationhorse ... CYCS(100053958)
mol wt12,384
product lineBioUltra
Quality Level300
storage temp.−20°C
technique(s)cell culture | mammalian: suitable
UniProt accession no.P00004
Unit Size
List Price
List Price: £858.00
Source:List Price
Cas Number9007-43-6
This product has met the following criteria: