The gene DUOX1 (dual oxidase 1) encodes a dual function NAD(P)H oxidase/peroxidase that serves as an important source for the production of hydrogen peroxide in respiratory tract epithelium. H2O2, thus produced, is involved in the regulation of cellular signaling pathways that participate in the production of inflammatory effectors. ATP-mediated activation of duox1 causes activation of ERK1/2 (extracellular signal-regulated kinase ½) and NFκ-B (nuclear factor κ-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells) pathways. Duox1 is also involved in the regulation of pathways associated with production of various mucins, matrix metalloproteinase-9, and other inflammatory mediators, in response to environmental or bacterial stimuli.
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The gene DUOX1 (dual oxidase 1) encodes a protein belonging to the family of NADPH oxidase/heme peroxidase proteins, Duox, and shares upto 85% amino acid similarity with another Duox isoform, Duox2. It contains an NAD(P)H oxidase domain and a heme peroxidase domain. The NAD(P)H oxidase domain of this protein is involved in H2O2 production and the heme peroxidase domain is similar to several peroxidases, but its function is yet to be characterized. The expression of Duox1 is stimulated by Th2 (T helper) cytokines, IL-4 (interleukin-4) and IL-13 (interleukin-13). The gene is mapped to human chromosome 15q15.3.
Peptide with sequence EKFQRSCLHQTVQ, from the internal region of the protein sequence according to NP_059130.2 ; NP_787954.1
Supplied at 0.5 mg/mL in 20mM Tris (pH 7.3) and 150mM NaCl with 0.02% sodium azide and 0.5% bovine serum albumin.